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2009

2009 in a nutshell...

  • EU Treaty: The EU Lisbon Treaty entered into force on 1st December with Belgian Prime Minister Herman Van Rompuy and British Commissioner Catherine Ashton respectively becoming the first President of the Council and High Commissioner for Foreign and Security Policy. (December)
  • Telecoms Package: The Telecom Package was adopted, creating a new agency called the Body of European Regulators of Electronic Communications (BEREC). (November)
  • Culture Forum: The European Commission organised the biennial European Culture Forum, where the stakeholders’ platform on cultural and creative industries presented its final recommendations. The conclusions of the Forum will feed into the EC’s 2010 Green Paper on cultural and creative industries. (September)
  • Mergers: The Sony/BMG merger case was closed. The judges’ decision was based on the technicality that the joint venture no longer exists, following the sell-out by Bertelsmann to Sony. (September)
  • IPR enforcement: The European Commission launched a working group involving rightsholders, Internet Service Providers and ICT industries to discuss the issue of illegal up- and downloading on the internet. (July)
  • Presidency of the EU: Sweden took over the EU Presidency, succeeding the Czech Republic. (July)
  • Culture: The European Commission published a study on the impact of culture-based creativity showing that culture has spillover effects on the creativity of other sectors. The report also mentions that competition rules should be seen as an important tool to promote diversity. (June)
  • VAT: The Council reached an agreement on reduced VAT rates in certain sectors. Member States should now be allowed to reduce VAT rates on a new series of goods and services including audiobooks, but not CDs.
  • Creativity and innovation: 2009 was declared the European Year of Creativity and Innovation.
  • Presidency of the EU: The Czech Republic took over the Presidency of the EU, succeeding France. (January)

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